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 Slave Caste in GAMBIA,YES TODAY !!!

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T O P I C    R E V I E W
toubab1020 Posted - 05 Nov 2018 : 23:02:12
By Kebba AF Touray, reporting from Sandu Diabugu, URR

November 5, 2018

A violent confrontation took place on Friday 2nd November 2018, at Diabugu village in the Sandu District of the Upper River Region. The fracas which is a by-product of an existing caste system, classifies some inhabitants of the village as freeborn and some as slaves.

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF CONFLICT

According to Alagie Kursa Drammeh the Alkalo of Diabugu, the violence occurred as a result of the decision made by some youth in the village to cease membership of the village youth group; that following the clash, five members of the Drammeh kunda family were taken to the Basse Police station and are currently helping the police in their investigations into the incident.

Police PRO ASP Lamin Njie, confirmed the incident and said it is centred on a caste system that still exists today. He said five people have been arrested and charged with three counts of incitement of violence, prohibitive conduct conducive to breaches of the peace and common assault. He further said that the arrestees informed them that they intercepted certain people to prevent them from entering the village mosque under instructions, adding that investigations are ongoing and the matter will soon be brought to the court.

The five people arrested, according to the villagers are: Muhammed Hydara, Amara Gumaneh, Amara Njie, Ebrima Drammeh and Sinda Njie.

GAINDEH JALLOW’S VIEW

Speaking to Foroyaa, Gaindeh Jallow, a brother to Haruna Jallow, explained that his brother was instructed by the head of the youth group called “Kombo”, to blow the villages traditional horn, for villagers to gather as it is done by their tradition; that his brother Haruna, refused to comply with the tradition and was fined D2,500.

“I paid the fine for my brother, but advised Kombo that such perception should be relegated to history and henceforth we can use loudspeakers to call villagers whenever the need arises,” Gaindeh said.

According to him, the villagers insisted together with his family, Gaindeh should continue to recognise that they belong to the slave class and should play any role assigned to them, failing which they will be denied access to the mosques, water supply and other social amenities and will be banned from attending village ceremonies. “We have been subjected to all forms of inhumane and degrading treatments from those who claim to be the ‘nobles’. Currently, a relative who has come to visit me by the name Papa Sey, has been asked by these people to leave the village on the grounds that he is not a native of Diabugu,” Gaindeh told this reporter.

His brother Haruna Jallow on his part, explained that he went to the mosque for the Friday ‘Jumaa’ prayers and was intercepted at the entrance by some young people, who he alleged to be members of the Drammeh Kunda family. “I told them that I have come to observe Friday prayers, but not to ignite violence. They asked me to leave the mosque and when I insisted, they started beating me. Some villagers intervened and rescued me from them,” he explained; that this move by the attackers was as a result of his refusal to see and accept himself as a ‘slave’. “I sustained general body pain due to the beatings and was taken to the hospital where I was treated. They are demanded that I accept being a ‘slave’, otherwise they will kill me.”

Haruna called on Government to act swiftly and put an end to any reoccurrence of such attacks meted on them by the villagers of Diabugu in particular, the Drammeh Kunda family, if they do not want to see a bloody civil strife in the village, which can spill to other communities.

THE VILLAGE IMAM

Alagie Morry Ceesay, the Imam of the mosque where the incident took place, disclosed that ten minutes before the ‘Jumaa’ prayers, he heard arguments at the entrance and some people advised him to shorten his sermon because of the ongoing violent confrontation.

Imam Ceesay alleged that Gaindeh Jallow was the one who instigated some youth to oppose the tradition of the village, by refusing to be in the ‘slave’ group; that the Police Officers who were ordered to come to the village, effected the arrest of some of villagers who were involved in the fight.

He informed this reporter that Diabugu comprises three broad kinships or “Kabilos” namely, Serna (the Alkalos), Gunjur (the Imams) and Ganyiaga (the traders). He said the Sillahs are the founders of the village; that when they migrated, they handed the village to the grandfather of the current Alkalo.

He called on the ‘slave’ class to respect the customs and tradition of the village, and urged Government to be proactive in dealing with the issue in the right manner.

EDITOR’S NOTE:

GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE HONEST TO THE PEOPLE

The village and villagers of Diabugu are in turmoil. Arrests have taken place. Court action is anticipated. The consequences may have unsettled effects on the people of Diabugu. For fifty three years, Gambians have not been educated by the State to know what is right or wrong under the Law. They only know their traditional or customary norms, but do not know the Laws of the State. It is often said that ignorance of the Law is no excuse. It should be equally said that a State which makes Laws but makes no effort to inform the population to know it’s contents, is a tyrannical State governed by tyrannical Laws.

Sooner or later, those same people will find themselves before the Courts to be fined or jailed for breaking a Law they were not acquainted with. It is important for the educated residents of Diabugu to form a civic society group and go from home to home, to explain the content of Section 16 of the 1970 Constitution and Section 20 of the 1997 Constitution. Both Constitutions state the following in subsections (1) and (2):

“(1) No person shall be held in slavery or servitude.

(2) No person shall be required to perform forced labour.”

Gambia is a member of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human and Peoples Rights, a fundamental Constitutive document of the United Nations, states the following in Article 4:

“No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.”

Article 8 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states:

“1. No one shall be held in slavery; slavery and the slave-trade in all their forms shall be prohibited.

No one shall be held in servitude.
(a) No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour…..”

This is and International Law which educated Gambians should convey to their fellow citizens for them to know that some of the customs and traditions could only be retained on a voluntary basis and not by might, which could bring them into direct confrontation with the State and the Law. This would lead to arrests, fines and imprisonment that would cause real hostility in villages. This should be avoided.

If outsiders go there to explain this to the people, they would be accused of trying to undermine the customs and tradition of the village. Hence this task of explaining what is provided by the Constitution and how those who refuse to abide by it could be subjected to legal proceedings, should be explained to the people by their own sons and daughters so that it would be easier for everyone to digest.

A Council of the wise from the seven administrative areas of the country, should be constituted with immediacy to visit Diabugu and discuss with all the kinships or Kabilos, to help find a lasting solution to this incident.

http://foroyaa.gm/violent-clashes-break-out-in-diabugu/
15   L A T E S T    R E P L I E S    (Newest First)
toubab1020 Posted - 31 Jul 2021 : 12:39:45
READ FULL article in the link below.

https://thepoint.gm/africa/gambia/headlines/garawol-alkalo-never-banished-tambedou


==========
“In fact, there’s no slave and noble issues within the Sarahulleh communities. However, we have a culture and tradition which need to be respected but this is not about the caste system. But there are certain people within our societies who bent on insulting our elders and such will not be accepted.”

“We want the government to mediate and resolve such kinds of issues or else we will do something about it. We are equally urging the police to always act accordingly especially in mediating between two parties.”

Muhammed Sanneh Gumaneh said: “There are no slave issues within our areas but there are people who are out to destroy our culture and tradition which is unacceptable. In fact, some on daily basis are out and insulting our elders and we can’t tolerate it anymore.”
toubab1020 Posted - 20 Jul 2021 : 15:01:18

SNIPPET:

"The case which was appealed against before the Basse High Court, was returned to the Regional Group tribunal for re-trial after a decision of the Wuli East District Tribunal was made against Ba Yoro Camara."

++++++++++

Is this really about slavery OR is it more about a CLASS system that has survived since ancient times?

Have a read and make up your own mind,could even post Dear Reader

++++++++++

https://foroyaa.net/regional-group-tribunal-orders-man-to-vacate-his-fifteen-year-old-residence/

toubab1020 Posted - 24 Oct 2020 : 21:05:44


https://standard.gm/baddibu-mediate-serahuleh-caste-disputes/



By Amadou Jadama on October 22, 2020

A delegation of imams, alkalolu and community leaders from Baddibu on Monday visited Garowol, a big settlement in Kantora to mediate in a bitter caste dispute among some 53 Serahuleh communities.

Traditionally, the people of Baddibu and Serahulehs have strong relations that allow them to throw jabs at each other without raising hostilities.

The delegation hoped to use that age-old mutual respect to broker peace among the feuding Serahuleh communities over who is a noble or a slave.

The delegation, under the Upper Baddibu Development Association, went to Garawol to diffuse a tension that resulted in some 42 caste-related court cases between people from the same community.

Alhaji Alhaiba Hydara, the imam of Banjul International Airport, who was part of the team, recited an emotional verse from the Qur’an that moved the audience to tears. “This verse talked about Muslims, human beings and not tribes or races. This is what should guide all of us,” he told the gathering, adding that Prophet Muhammad had said anyone who engages in divisive actions shall never enter paradise. The Imam said God dislikes disputes especially anything that discriminates or divides people.

“The Qur’an also states that when two Muslim sects are in conflict, one should reconcile them and deal with them with honesty,” the Airport Imam added.

He said that Serahulehs are known to be knowledgeable and serious people who also keep close social ties and that must be the norm at all times.

Another speaker, Alhaji Seedy Mukhtarr Jaiteh, the Imam and Alkalo of Njaba Kunda who led the delegation, said the belief of nobles and slaves existed in all African traditions ages ago but it has since been replaced with new realities and education which makes everyone realise that all human beings are equal and must be treated as such.

He said the most effective way to stop the notion is to end invoking those traditions at naming ceremonies, burials and other events.

“As from today, we want this problem to end now, and we want to ensure that all the pending court cases are withdrawn immediately,” Imam Jaiteh assured the gathering.

Sulayman Dampha, a youth member of the delegation, said youths in the area should be the agents of change to ensure that this dangerous traditional belief is not handed down to the next generation.

Gambia’s Kora King, Jaliba Kuyateh who attended the mediation, urged the Serahuleh community to heed the appeal from Baddibu to settle this caste problem now and forever. Muhammed Magassy, the NAM for Basse, thanked the Baddibunkas for their intervention. He paid tribute to the late GRTS staff Sise Sawaneh, who he said had worked tirelessly for this type of mediation in the matter.

Tachineh Ceesay, the Alkalo of Garawol, thanked the people of Baddibu for showing interest in the matter and urged his community members to heed the call from the visitors and unite as one people. To mark the successful end of the mediation, two key members of the opposing groups Ebrima Ceesay of Garawol and Abubacarr Jaiteh from Misiraba Mariama, shook hands and promised never to refer to each other as slaves or nobles. Jaliba Kuyateh wrapped up the successful mission on a high note by composing a peace song on the spot, much to the entertainment and emotions of the group present.
Momodou Posted - 07 Sep 2020 : 19:39:32
Did You Know...

Although the 1997 Constitution of The Gambia recognizes ‘customary law’, as part of the law of The Gambia, in common law jurisdictions, such as ours, customary practices are always subject to the “repugnancy doctrine and the incompatibility test”.
This means that courts shall not enforce any customary law, practice or rule if it is contrary to public policy or repugnant to natural justice, equity and by extension, fundamental human rights and freedoms as provided for in the Constitution, and international treaties and conventions ratified by the State.
Customary laws are enforced in Gambia only if they are consistent with fundamental human rights and freedoms. For example, if it is customary within a certain community to subject people to slavery, the incompatibility test will be applied and therefore it will not be enforceable in any court of law.
#ProtectingHumanRights
#LetJusticeGuideOurActions

Source: NHRC
toubab1020 Posted - 06 Sep 2020 : 11:42:12
ACTION !!!


SNIPPET:
"3. Suggest strategies through which the caste system and caste conflicts could be resolved and eventually eradicated in the country"

==========================================================

https://foroyaa.net/task-force-to-monitor-caste-conflicts-created/

===========================================================
By Momodou Jarju on September 4, 2020

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has created a Task Force that would look into caste conflicts in Upper River Region (URR) and proffer lasting solutions to the seething problems affected communities are grappling with.

The Task Force on Caste System in URR brings together representatives from key Government Ministries and the Supreme Islamic Council who have the legal and policy authority, and the moral duty, to ensure individuals do not violate each other’s rights as well as contribute to the creation of protecting, enabling and non-discriminatory environment for all The Gambia.

The Rights Commission on Thursday 3 September, 2020 at its Secretariat in Kotu stated in its Zero Draft Terms Of Reference that they are aware of the caste conflicts which have taken place in the Kantora District of URR and other parts of the country where the practice is evident, and the physical assaults which those referred to as ‘slaves’ have been subjected to.

“In fulfillment of its mandate, the Commission also plays an advisory role to the Government on how to more effectively guarantee human rights. Thus, the Commission sets up this Task Force to come up with appropriate and durable strategies for the State to be able to address the caste conflicts while ensuring that the human rights of all are respected, protected and fulfill,” the Commission stated.

The Commission also stated that The Gambia, as a state party to many international and regional human rights treaties, including the Convention Against Racial Discrimination, CEDAW, ACHPH and ICCPR, has the obligation to respect and protect the human rights of all, in particular to ensure that no one is discriminated against on the basis of tribe, social status, disability, religion, language, etc.

It further said differentiation of people into ‘slaves’ and ‘nobles’ based on strict hierarchical social system, social status or nations of ‘purity’ and ‘contamination’ goes against the basic principles of universal human dignity and equality, and violates the 1997 Constitution and human rights treaties The Gambia has ratified.

“The Commission’s monitoring visits revealed that people who are referred to as ‘slaves’ in the communities visited are often assigned to perform certain work which are often deemed ‘polluting’ or menial by others, including manual labor for their ‘masters’ , slaughtering of cattle, and blowing horns to announce village meetings,” the Commission said.

The Specific Responsibilities of the Task Force include:

1. Identify the key factors precipitating the caste conflicts and the flash points in the country for caste conflicts

2. Examine the recommendations of report submitted by the NHRC to the National Assembly Standing on Human Rights Matters (dated 8th January, 2020)

3. Suggest strategies through which the caste system and caste conflicts could be resolved and eventually eradicated in the country

4. Suggest recommendations to the Government and the NHRC

5. Develop a work plan to address the issues of the Caste System in the URR and other parts of the country

Membership of the Task Force should include representatives from the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Lands and Regional Government, Supreme Islamic Council, National Assembly Standing on Human Rights Matters and three from the NHRC.

Meanwhile, during the sitting it was hinted that the civil society organizations be added into the task force. The commission is looking into that matter and the representative is likely to come from TANGO- the umbrella body non-governmental organizations.
toubab1020 Posted - 05 Sep 2020 : 11:49:58
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Children are the future of ANY country,it is sad to see that the "(NHRC) has revealed that caste conflicts in the Upper River Region (URR) have negative impact in the minds of the children."
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

======================================================
https://foroyaa.net/nhrc-investigation-shows-caste-conflicts-in-urr-have-negative-impact-on-children/

=======================================================
Momodou Jarju September 4, 2020

Investigation conducted by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has revealed that caste conflicts in the Upper River Region (URR) have negative impact in the minds of the children.

The communities of Diabugu, Koina and Garawol in URR have witnessed series of conflicts since 2018 as a result of the prevailing caste system within those communities.

“Due to the increase tension within the said communities, the two groups are not socializing, and this has created a negative perception in the minds of the children of the ‘nobles’ and the members of the “Gambana.” Both sides are of the view that the lack of interaction and socialization between them is to give peace a chance,” the NHRC said in its findings.

One of the officials at the meeting informed Foroyaa that the impact has started growing into the minds of the children.

“If they see their parents not going to each other’s ceremonies automatically, they would also not socialize. They would not mingle in schools,” the official said.

The report which was submitted to the National Assembly Standing Committee on Human Rights Matters since January 2020, is yet to be dealt with, which the Rights Commission believed is due to lack of political will to address the situation.

The Rights Commission on Thursday 3rd, 2020 held its first sitting of the Taskforce set up to look into caste conflicts.

Also contained in the report is a set of recommendations which the government should embark upon with the support of the stakeholders. One of the recommendations pointed out a grassroots approach to address the social divide in the affected communities and even across the country.

“Encourage the schools to include in their extra-curricular activities events that will foster unity in their communities such as sporting activities, screening of videos on human rights and related matters, exchanges visits with other schools outside their localities, debates, lectures from human rights institutions and civil society organizations to talk about human rights matters highlighting especially issues surrounding discrimination and gender justice,” the Rights Commission recommendation showed.

Meanwhile, NHRC’s report came up with twenty-two findings and six recommendations. Foroyaa will bring details of the Commisssion’s findings and recommendations in the next edition.
toubab1020 Posted - 04 Sep 2020 : 17:29:00
=================================================================
https://thepoint.gm/africa/gambia/headlines/nhrc-setups-taskforce-to-solve-caste-system-in-urr

==================================================================
Sep 4, 2020, 2:44 PM | Article By: Arfang M.S. Camara

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on Thursday unveiled a taskforce to deal with the caste system affecting the Sarahulleh communities in the Upper River Region (URR).

The taskforce is also set up to look into the caste conflicts and find durable solutions to them.

The taskforce brings together representatives from key government ministries and the Supreme Islamic Council who have the legal and policy authority, and the moral duty to ensure individuals do not violate each other’s rights as well as contribute to the creation of a protecting, enabling and non-discriminatory environment for all in The Gambia.

The specific responsibility of the taskforce amongst other things include identifying the key factors precipitating the caste conflicts and the flash points in the country for caste conflicts; examine the recommendations of reports submitted by the NHRC to the National Assembly Standing Committee on Human Rights (dated 8 January 2020).

Their responsibility also entails to suggest strategies through which the caste system and caste conflicts could be resolved and eventually eradicated in the country; suggest recommendations to the government and the NHRC and also develop a work plan to address the issues of the caste system in the URR and parts of the country.

The membership of the taskforce includes the permanent secretary, Ministry of Interior; solicitor general and legal secretary, Ministry of Justice; permanent secretary, Ministry of Lands and Regional Government; president, Supreme Islamic Council; chairperson, National Assembly Standing Committee on Human Rights and Constitutional Matters and National Human Rights Commission (chairperson of the Commission, Commissioner Imam Baba Leigh and executive secretary).

The report of the National Human Rights Commission’s fact-finding on the caste system in the Upper River region revealed that a group of individuals referred to as “slaves” from Diabugu, Koina and Garawol formed an association called ‘Gambana’ which in Sarahulleh terms means: “We are all equal.”

The report further indicated that there are other people in these communities who accept to be referred to as slaves and not members of Gambana.

The commission’s report also admitted that it is a long-standing tradition in these communities for those referred to as ‘slaves’ to perform certain menial jobs or tasks requiring manual labour for those regarded as their ‘masters’ or ‘nobles’.

Speaking in an interview with The Point, Mr. Emmanuel Daniel Joof, chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission, said that they setup the taskforce to fight the simmering tension that has been going on in the Upper River Region (URR) for some time but had been lit in 2018.

“The National Human Rights Commission being the watchdog and the body that is responsible for promoting and protecting human rights have been monitoring and doing some investigations and missions in URR (Diabugu, Koina and Garawol),” he said.

According to him, they came up with a recommendation which they sent to the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Interior and also to the Office of the President regarding the issue of caste system.

“We have observed that if these tensions that have been brewing in these areas are not settled, then we are sitting in a powder keg. As you know that there is simmering tension between what is referred to as the ‘noble’, the Soninkara and the ‘Gambana’ in that area.”

He noted that the work of the National Human Right Commission is to make sure they promote peace in the country to also get rid of the discriminatory practices.
toubab1020 Posted - 01 Sep 2020 : 10:12:07
==========================================================
https://thepoint.gm/africa/gambia/headlines/govt-urged-to-mediate-between-2-rivalry-sarahulleh-groups

======================================================
Aug 31, 2020, 12:00 PM | Article By: Momodou Jawo & Njie Baldeh
Almameh Jabbi, a native of Garawol village in the Kantora District of the Upper River Region (URR) and the adviser to the Soninkara Dambeh Association (SDA), has urged President Adama Barrow to help tackle the ongoing alleged caste upheaval that grips the country’s farthest region and rivalry between two Sarahulleh organisations.

“I can clearly tell you that there are no noble and slave issues within the Sarahulleh communities. However, there is a group that named itself as Gambana Association, so as to create problems within our villages by insulting our elders – something we will not tolerate anymore.”

He was speaking recently during a press conference organised by Soninkara Dambeh Association.

The association comprises 54 Sarahulleh villages across the country with the objectives of bringing its people together in order to foster understanding, unity and development among themselves.

The country’s human rights commission recently called on the government to address caste systems that have been grappling the country for some time now.

Mr. Jabbie, however, denied reports suggesting that the Sarahulleh communities are hit with caste problems, saying such information is far from the truth. He acknowledged that they need dialogue and rapid intervention from the government in order to discuss with the Gambana Association, another organistion.

“We really need dialogue in order to put the issue to rest. Notwithstanding, we have a culture and tradition that need to be respected. But this is not about noble and slaves issues. We can’t force anyone to accept those cultures and traditions. Again, they can’t stop us from promoting our cultures. I believe the government should take the leading role in addressing this issue, because we will not allow them to continue insulting our parents.”

He added that the country’s human rights commission has engaged them in dialogue, claiming that Gambana Association has refused to adhere to the advice of the commission. “The Gambana Association is creating problems within our communities. We want the government to intervene before it turns to violence. These are people who are insulting our imams and alkalolu, and we will not accept that.”

Muhammed Gumaneh, a native of Koina village in the Kantora District of the Upper River Region, equally claimed that Gambana Association is just formed to insult their parents and create commotion within the Sarahulleh communities on the pretext that they are called “slaves.”

He maintained that those that are claiming to be part of the Gambana Association are not even up to 25% of the Sarahulleh communities countrywide. “No one is calling them “slaves” but what we will not accept is them insulting and assaulting our people. Let the government investigate the matter in order to bring a lasting solution to the ongoing saga.

Sulayman Hydara, a native of Taifa village in the Central River Region, who doubles as the president of Soninkara Dambeh Association, said his association’s objectives among others is to bring unity and development within the Sarahulleh communities. According to him, it’s high time that the government addressed members of the Gambana Association before they create problem in the country.

“We will never allow our parents to be insulted by these people. They have the right to believe what they believe, but we will never sit and see our elders being disrespected by them.”

He claimed that the Gambana Association is out to bring disunity within their communities in the name of so-called “noble and slave” issues, which he said do not exist in their villages. SDA, he went on, has tried all efforts to bring them together but to no avail.
toubab1020 Posted - 26 Aug 2020 : 00:29:29
A VERY VERY difficult subject to resolve it will take MANY years to achieve a result to everones satisfaction

======================================================
https://standard.gm/govt-urged-to-address-caste-tensions-in-good-faith/

======================================================
By Omar Bah on August 25, 2020

A Soninkara group has urged the government to exercise good faith in handling the caste tension in Basse to avoid scratching old wounds.

The group urged the government to ensure that the culture and tradition of both sides are respected.

“We also want to issue a formal complaint to the Gambia government and the Inspector General of Police against the Basse police chief (Ensa Badjie) over his handling of caste issues in Garawol,” the group said in a statement shared with The Standard.

According to reports, police and army commanders in Basse cautioned the people of Garawol after the village alkalo ordered a man to pay a fine of D10,000 for leading a congregational prayer for “slaves” on Tobaski day.

The decision to caution the people of Garawol was reached at a meeting summoned by police commissioner Ensa Badjie between the supposed slaves and supposed free born natives of Garawol in the URR.

“The alkalolu in Soninkara communities, like other alkalolu around the country should serve as authorities maintaining peace and order in their various villages. We want to remind the government that each Gambian village has its cultural and traditional norms.

“These practices rely on both our religious and constitutional values. The caste system in the Soninkara society just like in Mandinka, Fulani and Wolof societies is a tradition. We are aware of the constitutional provision which clearly states that no person shall be held in slavery or servitude or forced labour. These provisions are not violated by the Soninkara society,” the group said.

They further argued: “These values, cultural and traditional ways of living are also protected under the Gambian Constitution. We will not tolerate attempts by anyone to destabilize norms that guide our peaceful co-existence in our villages for hundreds of years. As far as we are concerned, everyone is free to belong to any caste group without resorting to violence, insults and disturbing the peace in our communities.

“For the police commissioner in Basse to convene such a meeting with other law enforcement officers and basically threaten our alkalo is totally unacceptable. We in Soninkara Concern Group want to register this formal complaint loud and clear that days are gone when officers responsible for public protection and safety can bully and threaten societies and go scot-free.”

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) had also recently recommended “urgent” government action to address the caste system that has gripped the URR and other parts of the country.
toubab1020 Posted - 15 Jun 2019 : 16:31:18
Thanks Momodou, The feedback comments,strongly suggest that many Gambians are unaware of this traditional practice that still exists today,even with strong public opinion it is unlikely to bring about any change in the communities affected.,"interferrence" or "help" oe "education, by ANYONE or ANY AUTHORITY MUST be VERY CAREFULLY CONSIDERED before ANY ACTION is taken.
Momodou Posted - 15 Jun 2019 : 14:23:34
TFN news review with a special report on a national security threat that requires drastic but long-lasting measures

https://youtu.be/W15yCqZD99s
toubab1020 Posted - 13 Jun 2019 : 17:27:46
If that is what he wants to devote his future energies to,I wish him the very best of luck in his chosen way of life.

========================================================

quote:
Originally posted by Momodou

His cast is politician then?



Momodou Posted - 12 Jun 2019 : 22:24:50
His cast is politician then?

toubab1020 Posted - 12 Jun 2019 : 16:39:16
I think it matters because a politician, like or not has power over the people,HE or SHE has reached the top of the tree.


quote:
Originally posted by Momodou

quote:
Originally posted by toubab1020

...I think he wants to be a politician,he has tried many other jobs have a read of the link below,I assume he is still resident in Germany.

https://de.linkedin.com/in/prince-bubacarr-a-sankanu-72975026/en


Sorry, but does that matter?
This is what he wrote about himself at the end of his long article:
"***
Prince Bubacarr Aminata Sankanu, holds among other qualifications, a Master’s Degree in the Arts and Humanities from the University of Stirling in Scotland, UK. He is applicant for PhD research in Contemporary History and Politics at the Bath Spa University in the UK. His doctoral research focuses on the abolition of descent based slavery within the Soninkes (Sarahullehs) of West Africa. Sankanu is Prince of the Sankanu Kaggoro clan of Sotuma Sere in Jimara, URR, The Gambia with ancestral roots in Barago, one of the autonomous states of the ancient Ghana Empire.
Prince Bubacarr Aminata Sankanu is an influential young man in the Sarahulleh community and serves as Ambassador for two of the most progressive Gambian Sarahulleh groups - the Dynamic Sarahulleh Association for Change and Development (DSACD) and Sarahulleh Youth Development Organization (SYDO). He also serves as adviser to the customary court of his native Sotuma Sere community. Sankanu is currently in Germany can be reached on Email: princebasankanu@gmail.com, Tel/ WhatsApp: +4915219470378
Date: 10 June 2019
***"


By the way the linkedin link does not accept people not on Linkedin to see the info you want to share.


Momodou Posted - 12 Jun 2019 : 10:25:13
quote:
Originally posted by toubab1020

...I think he wants to be a politician,he has tried many other jobs have a read of the link below,I assume he is still resident in Germany.

https://de.linkedin.com/in/prince-bubacarr-a-sankanu-72975026/en


Sorry, but does that matter?
This is what he wrote about himself at the end of his long article:
"***
Prince Bubacarr Aminata Sankanu, holds among other qualifications, a Master’s Degree in the Arts and Humanities from the University of Stirling in Scotland, UK. He is applicant for PhD research in Contemporary History and Politics at the Bath Spa University in the UK. His doctoral research focuses on the abolition of descent based slavery within the Soninkes (Sarahullehs) of West Africa. Sankanu is Prince of the Sankanu Kaggoro clan of Sotuma Sere in Jimara, URR, The Gambia with ancestral roots in Barago, one of the autonomous states of the ancient Ghana Empire.
Prince Bubacarr Aminata Sankanu is an influential young man in the Sarahulleh community and serves as Ambassador for two of the most progressive Gambian Sarahulleh groups - the Dynamic Sarahulleh Association for Change and Development (DSACD) and Sarahulleh Youth Development Organization (SYDO). He also serves as adviser to the customary court of his native Sotuma Sere community. Sankanu is currently in Germany can be reached on Email: princebasankanu@gmail.com, Tel/ WhatsApp: +4915219470378
Date: 10 June 2019
***"


By the way the linkedin link does not accept people not on Linkedin to see the info you want to share.

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